Does Iron Deficiency Anemia Put You At Risk for Infection
There is a complex relationship between iron deficiency anemia and infection, and infections are often associated with this condition.
Infection occurs when the body’s tissues are invaded by disease and a time when bacteria, viruses, and fungi enter the body to attach to cells and multiply.
Although infections are very common, they can also be very severe and even life-threatening.
Here is a discussion about whether people diagnosed with iron deficiency anemia are at a higher risk of infection and what they can do about this risk.
Infection Susceptibility with Iron Deficiency Anemia
First, it is important to distinguish between chronic infection and acute infection. When discussing chronic conditions, there is a commonality between these issues and the occurrence of anemia. For example, anemia often accompanies chronic infections and inflammatory disease. Anemia can coexist with acute infections, but it is often due to other factors as well.
When iron deficiency anemia is left untreated or not treated properly, growth and recovery issues may emerge. This is especially true in cases involving infants and children.
Other Factors for Infection
Infections can be caused by many different things, such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. By nature, infections spread easily from one person to another and even from animals to people. Some types of infections can even be caused by indirect contact, such as touching a doorknob or tabletop.
People who have weakened immune systems for any reason, including a nutrient deficiency, are often more prone do to developing infections than others are inherently resistant to them. Common symptoms of infection include coughing, fatigue, muscle aches, fever, and diarrhea.
Iron Deficiency Anemia and Fighting Infection
Not only can it be more difficult for the body to resist infection when one is iron deficient, but it can also be harder to fight off infection once it occurs. One of the common symptoms of an iron deficient is frequent infections, along with brittle nails, an enlarged spleen, odd food cravings, and soreness of the tongue. Children are at a considerably higher risk of infection, as well as lead poisoning, if they have been diagnosed with iron deficiency anemia.
Ways to Prevent Infection in the Body
Infections can be caused by a wide variety of things; however, overall wellbeing relies a healthy diet of vitamins, minerals, and nutrients as well as exercise. Some infections cannot be prevented due to injury or disease, but one can reduce the chances for infection by getting enough iron in the diet and having iron levels tested if any symptoms of iron deficiency anemia arise.
To prevent future infections from forming, make sure to wash hands regularly with warm water and soap for at least 15 seconds and always clean them before eating food. Covering the mouth and nose when sneezing or coughing is also helpful to prevent the spread of infection, as well as avoiding contact with others when sick. Personal hygiene, diet, and nutrition all play a role in preventing infection and serious conditions like iron deficiency anemia.
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