The condition of jaundice is most commonly associated with infants, but there is a specific type of condition called hemolytic anemia jaundice that can affect people at any age. The most well-known symptoms of hemolytic jaundice and other types of jaundice too are yellow-colored skin, eyes, and mouth. But there are other symptoms associated with this anemia condition, and specific ways to diagnose and treat it.
This article will explore the connection between anemia and jaundice and discuss the symptoms, causes, and treatment strategies for hemolytic anemia jaundice. It will also address the topic of living with hemolytic anemia and how to reduce the risk of infections.
What Is Hemolytic Anemia Jaundice?
Hemolytic anemia occurs when the body’s red blood cells are destroyed more quickly than they are made. This is significant because it is the red blood cells that carry oxygen to the body’s tissues and organs. This is a condition that involves having too few red blood cells because there is an excess of hemolysis in the body. There are also various types of hemolytic anemia, and certain conditions, such as sickle cell disease and bone marrow failure, can cause it to occur.
Causes of Hemolytic Jaundice
The causes of hemolytic jaundice can be either hereditary or acquired because of a medical condition a person develops later in life. Sickle cell anemia and thalassemia are hereditary conditions that can be passed from parents to children and result in this type of red blood cell disorder. Individuals can also develop hemolytic anemia later in life due to infections, blood cancers, autoimmune disorders, and even medications like penicillin that are taken. Other possible causes of hemolytic jaundice related to anemia are overactive spleen and tumors.
Symptoms of Hemolytic Anemia Jaundice
Jaundice is a symptom of hemolytic anemia that involves a yellowing of the skin, eyes, and possibly mouth too. Other symptoms of hemolytic anemia are dark urine, weakness, fever, and dizziness. Some individuals with this condition may experience heart murmurs, fast heart rates, or an enlarged liver or spleen as well. Symptoms tend to worsen if this type of anemia is not treated promptly and can even lead to heart failure.
How to Treat Anemia-Induced Jaundice at Any Age
To properly diagnose hemolytic anemia, a doctor will begin with a physical exam and blood tests. Urine tests, bone marrow tests, and genetic tests may also be conducted. Fortunately, this is a condition that can usually be treated, and some individuals with mild symptoms do not even require treatment at all.
If anemia-induced jaundice is the result of another medical condition or medication taken, a doctor may choose to change treatment strategies or prescriptions for the patient. If low iron levels are impacting a patient’s health, then a doctor may recommend high potency iron supplement like Fergon, for example. In more severe cases, it may be necessary for a patient to under a blood transfusion, take corticosteroid medications, or even have surgery to remove the spleen. Medications to suppress the immune system may also help hemolytic anemia patients overcome symptoms, including jaundice. Overall, patients with this condition can reduce their risk of infections by getting flu shots, maintaining good hygiene, and avoiding people who are ill as much as possible.